A study of the safety of a stainless steel pipe
A study has revealed that a steel pipe made from fluted stainless steel can withstand a single gunshot injury and can be used to save lives.
The study, conducted by a group of scientists led by Dr. Anurag Khanna, an expert in injury prevention at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, also showed that the pipe can also be used for firefighting and other non-lethal purposes.
The findings, which were published in the journal Injury Prevention, are based on the study of more than 7,500 people who were exposed to a single fatal gunshot in New York City between 1993 and 2002.
The results show that in both cases the pipe was constructed using fluted, fluted-glass or fluted iron, and that the steel used was of a certain thickness and composition, including stainless steel.
The fluted pipe is made from an alloy of titanium, nickel, and iron that has a higher melting point than steel.
The alloy of the pipe is not tested for its ability to withstand high-velocity impacts.
Khanna said that the fluted fluted glass pipe was used in a number of different applications, including in a fire extinguisher to stop a fire, to block the entrance of a ventilator, and to reduce smoke.
In the study, the researchers found that the alloy of fluted pipes was safer than steel pipe because it was less likely to fracture.
In addition, the flute was softer, less brittle and less likely in high temperatures to break when subjected to high temperatures.
Dr. Anu Kumar, an assistant professor of materials science and engineering at UT, said that he and his colleagues were able to measure the strength of the flutes, as well as the steel content of the pipes, in comparison to other nonplastic and nonflammable materials.
“The study indicates that fluted water pipes can withstand at least a single shot,” said Kumar, who is also a member of the International Society for Plastics Research (ISPR).
“In addition, this study shows that flute pipes can be safely used in various applications including firefighting, fire extinguishers and other applications that are not as lethal.”
Khanna, who has also worked at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga and the University at Buffalo, said the study also shows that the metal composition of the material could be a factor in the safety.
“This study shows the value of flute steel in many different applications where other nonflamable materials are not viable,” Khanna said.
“We can also demonstrate that fluting is a strong material for fire prevention and extinguishing fires.”
The study also showed the fluting pipes were more likely to withstand impacts that would result in a broken pipe.
“It is important to understand that the strength and hardness of steel are determined by its composition, which is usually made of carbon, aluminum, and titanium,” Khannas said.
“In this study, we found that flutes were slightly harder than steel and were also more likely for steel to break during high-speed impacts.”
Khannas added that the study was done in the absence of testing for other potential risks.
“These findings should inform the design of new designs of fluting materials that are made with fluted and fluted metals and that are also lighter and more durable,” he said.